New announcement. Learn more

Blog Articles

Bear marketEthical preferencesIndependent informationGreenwashingNastiesGMODonationsMindful MoneyRIAAWarEthicsAuctionImpact InvestingCyber securitySustainable InvestingResponsible InvestingMarketTimingCoronavirusCovidAiaCignaEthical investingEsgEnvironmentActivePassiveEPAProperty Relationship ActTax returnWearable DeviceArtificial IntelligenceUnderwritingDNA TestingGenetic TestDe Minimis ExemptionFair Dividend TaxForeign Investment FundTax ratesKiwiSaver feesChinaBrightline TestEQCAdvice FeesInvestment feesJunk InsuranceWarrantiesConsumer Guarantees ActRetirement IncomeNew Zealand SuperannuationBridgesFitness CoachingWellnessSally MellorInvestment PropertyTenantLandlordRental PropertyCar RentalCar InsuranceRelationship BreakupProvisional TaxBeanyAccountingTrust DeedBeneficiaryTrust ActTrustSkin cancerProstate cancerMelanomaLung cancerCervical cancerCancer mythsFirst home buyerOpinionFactsSwindlerScamTreasuryVolatilityDollar cost averagingFamily trustsResearchMilfordInvestor confidenceFMAInvestment assumptionsTerm depositsKiwisaver monitoringKiwisaver comparisonStress freeHolidaySecurityBanksTax refundRiskReturnInvestingGreedFinance companiesContents insuranceOwing moneyCredit cardCredit cardsPropertyExpertsBubblesBorrowingLendingFloatFixMortgageLoansInterest ratesFinanceBrokingLegislationForeign superWordingOmbudsmanHouseCoverContentsBalanced fundSchooling costsEducationCredit ratingsTradingSecondary marketTerminologyFixed interest investmentFixed InterestLegalGuarantorUk pensionPension transferSpendingChristmasConsumer behaviourUK Pension TransfersQROPsInvesmtentWays to dieInsurance claimsWinz#residential care#assetsTrustsResidential care subsidy#residentialcaresubsidy#gifting#familytrustsSavingsLottery#bonusbondsSpecific injuryCase stuffyTrust expensesEstate planningAsset protection#trust#family Trust#incomeprotectioninsurance#incomeAdriennes storyQuizLife expectancyLVR ratioHouse depositBorrowing to buy a house#firsthomebuyerKiwisaver returns#kiwisaver feesReitrement savingsFirst home buyersUncategorized#financialplanningPersonal financesFinancial management#personalfinances#mortgages#finances#fidelity#kiwisaverperformance#redundancy insurance#incomeinsuranceRetirement ageJohn KeyFirst home buyer withdrawalKiwisaver rulesFirst home buyer grantUnclaimed moneyMoney refundsPortability superBringing home KiwiSaver#australia KiwiSaverInsurance #insurance#homeinsurance#liability#insurance claim. Insurance claim#income insurance protectionFirst home grantDumb ways to dieUnder 18 years oldTax creditTrans-tasmanPortabilityAustraliaAsteronRisk profilesMoving funds#changing kiwisaver managersInvestment returnsTibTerminal illness benefit#claim#sil#kiwisaver analysis#shares#mighty river power#electricity#partners lifeTrusteeSafety of KiwiSaverFunBeerCredit ratingBad debtTax rebateInvestment advice#retirement planningLapseExpensesFighting fundEmergency cashRipping off elderlyFinancial planingPass backUnit pricingGareth morgan#Medical Assurance Society#MAS#investment analysis#travel insurance#insurance claimFinancial planningBudgettingReporting#insurance commissionInsurance commissions#commissions#career in insuranceSouthern crossClaimingInsurance excessesRussiaJohn clarkeHumourGfcCyprusHome insuranceEarthquakesCrisisStand down periodPolicy wordingChurningContributions holidayTaxesPayrollEmployer contributionsEsctEmployee contributionContribution holidaySil kiwisaver. westpacKwiisaverBitAsset allocationAsbAnzAwarenessReturnsPerformanceProstate canerWillsRelationship PropertyPlanningLegal AgreementsLawyersDivorcePremiumsTowerFund ManagersFisherKiwibankDefault schemesBnzAMPPetsPet insuranceMoney managementBudgetsHouse insuranceFire and general insuranceAccChilds trauma insuranceChilds traumaProtectionFund managerClaim trauma insuranceTotal and Permanent Disablement InsuranceOnePath LifeClaimsSmokingSmokers ratesInsurance researchInsurance analysisImageFree quotesSavingMoneyInfographicInflationVideoTpd insuranceTPDSovereignDisabilityCase StudyAxaHeart attackLoveIncome protectionCancer insuranceBreast cancerTerranovaMinimum wageEmployer contributionTraumaIncome protection insuranceCancerSortedRisk profileRetirementOnepathInvestmentsWestpacBTWho can joinRetirement savingsFuneral plannerFuneralDyingDeathTrauma insuranceLife InsuranceInsurance News & ViewsInsuranceIncome insuranceHealth insuranceDisability insuranceUS citizenRetiring to live in new zealandInvestmentFATCAReturning to new zealandRetiring in new zealandMember tax creditKickstartTransitional residentTaxationRetiring to new zealandNew migratnFifFdrDe minimisSuperannuationRetiringNZ superannuationNew zealandEligibility for NZ SuperMorningstarInvestment ReturnInvestment performanceFund sizeFeesTaxPIRPIEMoney News & ViewsIrdMinimum contributionKiwiSaver News & ViewsKiwiSaverContributions1 April 2013
TAGS

How do Credit Ratings work?

Credit Ratings are a good guide to the 'risk' involved in a financial security.  While there has been controversy during the Global Financial Crisis about the value of these credit ratings, they are still a valuable tool to assess the 'quality' of an investment that you are looking at making.

There are three main credit rating firms.  Each has their own methodology and they all use different rating systems.  Therefore, when you are assessing an individual security, it is important that you understand WHO has rated the security, and WHAT the rating means.

It is also important to understand that the more letters of the same kind the higher ranking.  For example a AA is higher than an A+.  AAA- is higher than a BBB+.

Here are the websites for each of the main rating firms.

Standard & Poors website                                                                14 01 SP_CreditRatingsGuide 20 pages

Moodys website                                                                      14 Moodys Rating Symbols and Definitions 46 pages

Fitch website                                                                       14 Fitch ratings definitions and scales 61 pages

For a quick reference to compare the different rating systems - here is a table courtesy of Wikipedia (with all the normal disqualifiers of accuracy and completeness)

Moody'sS&PFitchrating description
Long-termShort-termLong-termShort-termLong-termShort-term
AaaP-1AAAA-1+AAAF1+Prime
Aa1AA+AA+High grade
Aa2AAAA
Aa3AA-AA-
A1A+A-1A+F1Upper medium grade
A2AA
A3P-2A-A-2A-F2
Baa1BBB+BBB+Lower medium grade
Baa2P-3BBBA-3BBBF3
Baa3BBB-BBB-
Ba1Not primeBB+BBB+BNon-investment grade
speculative
Ba2BBBB
Ba3BB-BB-
B1B+B+Highly speculative
B2BB
B3B-B-
Caa1CCC+CCCCCSubstantial risks
Caa2CCCExtremely speculative
Caa3CCC-Default imminent with little
prospect for recovery
CaCC
C
CD/DDD/In default

 

If you have any thoughts or opinions that you would like to share, visit us at our Twitter, Facebook or Linked In pages, and comment.



 

This product has been added to your cart

CHECKOUT